Entrepreneurs and Enterprise in Early Mesopotamia (CUSAS 22)
For much of the twentieth century scholars have debated the issue of "temple vs. private" economy during the Third Dynasty of Ur. In this work the author highlights the function and significance that individual entrepreneurs maintained in the economy of the Ur III state. He provides an extensive analysis of three well-known archival records of merchants in the non-institutional ("private") sector of the economy, those of SI.A-a, Turam-ili, and Ur-Nuska. Each of the archives examined provides different aspects of entrepreneurial activity during the Ur III period, extending from money-lending and exchange to the management and organization of professional groups.
In addition to an in-depth analysis, this work presents revised transliterations and new editions of each text in the three archives along with a number recently identified texts published for the first time.